Francisco de Goya

 

Biography

1746

Born Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes on March 30 in Fuendetodos, Spain

1760

Apprenticed to Jose Luzan, a local painter

1773

Marries the sister of the court painter, Francisco Bayeu, under whom he had received training in Madrid

1775

Paints cartoons (designs) for the royal tapestry factory in Madrid

1780

Elected a member of the Royal Academy of San Fernando, Madrid

1785

Appointed deputy director of painting at the Royal Academy of San Fernando

1786

Appointed painter to the king, Charles III

1789

Named court painter

1792

An illness leaves him permanently deaf

1795

Serves as director of painting at the Royal Academy

1799

Publishes the Caprichos

1808

Charles IV and his son Ferdinand are forced to abdicate in quick succession, Napoleon's brother Joseph is placed on the throne but Goya retains his position as court painter

1814

Ferdinand VII is restored on the throne after the expulsion of the invaders and Goya is pardoned for having served the French king

1824

Goes into voluntary exile in France

1828

Dies on 16 April in Bordeaux